Imagine seeing a young soccer player pivot on the pitch, and suddenly feels pain in the knee after an audible pop. This particular scenario is one of the most common problems that result in tears of ACL or Anterior Cruciate Ligament.
It happens more than two hundred thousand times on an annual basis in the USA alone. Even though in most cases the injured parties are associated with high-risk sports such as football, soccer,and skiing, this particular injury is not related to collision or contact.
Instead, the problem happens when an individual sustains a force on knee due to pivoting movement, as well as landing, or any movement that exceeds the strength of the knee and ligaments as well.If you wish to learn how to find appropriate orthopedic surgeon after an ACL injury, you should click here for more information.
Let us start from the beginning:
What Is ACL and What Does It Do?
The primary function of ACL is to provide a restraint to an ultimate forward motion of the leg in combination and relation with thigh that you have on the knee. It will also help you increase the rotary stability of the knee.
When you have incompetent ACL, the knee is at the higher risk of rotary instability and translational instability, which could lead to threatening cartilage injury or buckling that, could be both painful and problematic.
What Happens After You Tear an ACL?
Have in mind that not all ACL injuries require mandatory surgical treatment, which means that some patients that feature partial tears or ones that do not result in functionality and instability, they do not need surgical intervention.
Have in mind that tears can cause functional instability, and if you are an athlete that wishes to continue participating in sports that are high-risk and with lots of pivot movements as well as high rotation stresses and cutting, you should consider ACL reconstruction. This is the reason why it is also important to learn about ACL and the importance of knee stability.
According to research and different studies, the idea of preventing ACL injury is problematic, primarily because it depends on numerous factors that are individualized and can change from person to person.
No one event could cause this particular problem as well as mechanism or gene that could lead to injury. However, you should have in mind that this specific problem more frequently happens to females than males.
ACL Repair vs. Reconstruction
Since the ACL is one of the most critical ligaments that you have in your knee, it requires reconstruction or creation of new ligament instead of restoring the existing one, because you should have in mind if fibers are retracting on a cellular level, you will be unable to heal naturally.
That is the main reason why most surgeons and orthopedic specialist state that the best way to treat this particular injury and to avoid further knee collapse is through the creation of new ligament by using autograph from your own body.
The most common material for an autograph is hamstring and patellar tendons that feature bone plugs on bothends.
If you wish to reconstruct the ligament, an orthopedic surgeon will use arthroscopy, which is HD fiber optic video camera that will tunnel in the tibia and femur.
Other devices will secure the graph from those areas, and that will serve as a tissue scaffold, which will become the functional ligament. During the surgery, the close attention has to be given to addressing the additional injuries to cartilage within the knee that involves menisci.
Few days after surgery patients will go home and carefully start physical therapy protocol. Everything depends on your will to become better, but have in mind that in most cases, you will be ready to return to sports in six to nine months approximately.
Check this link: https://www.wikihow.com/Prepare-for-ACL-Surgery so that you can prepare for ACL surgery with ease.
Some patients returned to sports after five months, but the idea is to avoid re-injury, so you should start with physical therapy as soon as you get out and follow advice so that you can have sufficient time to prepare your body for high-level competitive sports.
According to research that brought understanding and the ability to prevent this particular injury, we can state that there is no single causative event, mechanism or gene, which is responsible for the damage.
However, researchers have found out that differences in neuromuscular control and jump-landing characteristics between female and male athletes can contribute to the idea that more females tear ACL than males.